Heroin use in Chicago and surrounding suburbs has continued to escalate. Heroin is an extremely addictive opioid drug that is synthesized from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seedpod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin usually appears as a white or brown powder or as a black sticky substance, known as black tar heroin.
Heroin can be (1) injected, (2) inhaled by snorting or sniffing, or (3) smoked. All three routes of administration deliver the drug to the brain very rapidly, which contributes to its health risks and to its high risk for addiction. Repeated use of heroin causes changes in the brain, which frequently leads to uncontrollable drug-seeking no matter what consequences may occur. For some people, heroin addiction begins after they are prescribed opiate pain drugs, but start misusing them.
Withdrawal symptoms begin 6 to 12 hours after the last use, peaking within 1 to 3 days, and gradually subsiding over 5 to 7 days. However, some heroin users experience weeks or months or years of withdrawal symptoms.
- The heroin rush is usually accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and heavy feeling extremities. It may also be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and severe itching.
- After the initial rush, abusers often feel drowsy for several hours. Mental function is clouded by heroins effect on the central nervous system. Heart rate slows. Breathing is also severely slowed, sometimes to the point of death. Heroin overdose is a particular risk because the amount and purity of the drug is not accurately known.
- While using heroin and during withdrawal, the heroin user may experience:
- Mood Changes
- Aches and Pains
- Excessive Bodily Fluids
- Diarrhea and Stomach Pain
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Sleep Problems
- High risk of infections, such as HIV/AIDS
- Collapsed veins
- Infection of the heart lining and valves
- Liver disease
Chicago Heroin Facts:
- Heroin production and availability has grown significantly in the past decade. Reports from the National Drug Intelligence Center show larger yields from Mexico have led to purer, less expensive and more abundant supply heroin within the U.S.
- In Chicago, nearly all heroin comes from Mexico via the Mexican drug cartels and is being distributed by Chicago street gangs, in what the DEA calls the Perfect Storm
- For the past several years, Chicago has ranked first in the nation for heroin overdose emergency room visits. Chicago heroin related visits are nearly double those of NYC and significantly more than 2nd ranked Boston.
- From 2007-2011, mortality overdose/deaths increased by 115% in Lake County, IL, 100% in Will County, IL, and 50% in McHenry County, IL.
- Heroin use in Illinois among white teenagers under the age of 18 has increased by 22%.
At New Hope Recovery Center, we have seen the increased use of heroin among Chicago area young adults first hand. If you know someone who is using heroin, urge them to get help before it is too late for them. You can contact us at 800-707-4673 or [email protected].
You may also be interested in reading other information about heroin use and addiction:
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Written by: New Hope Recovery Center